BtN: Pet Therapy 動物でセラピー ストレス解消

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4487794.htm

オーストラリアの高校では、この時期はテスト期間前で学生にとってはストレスのたまる時期です。

で、キャンベラにある1つの高校がユニークなストレス解消方法をやっています。 子猫です。

 

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Now for a lot of kids around Australia exams are just around the corner. It can be an incredibly stressful time. So one school in Canberra has come up with a unique way to help its students relax. Kittens!

They’re cute, cuddly, and a little bit cheeky. But, these kittens have another skill too.

ELEANOR: They’re just so cute and lovely. They just make me feel very happy.

For these guys, it’s exam time. And things can get pretty stressful.

STUDENT: Very busy. A lot of revision, a lot of work, a lot of coming to school early in the morning.

So, to help them chill out, the school decided to bring in some furry friends. And it seems to be working!

DONNA LAMBERT, SCHOOL COUNSELLOR: They had their exam books, they had kittens in their laps, and they were able to just relax, bring the blood pressure down and spend time with each other in a better environment to get ready for their next exam.

ELEANOR: I had my religion exam this morning and then I just came in here and I’ve been with the cats ever since.

CHARLOTTE BATTY, REPORTER: But, it’s not just cats. Experts say that hanging out with dogs, like Spice here, and other animals, could have some real health benefits.

It’s called animal therapy and it’s been going on in nursing homes and hospitals for years. The idea is that animals can help people who are stressed feel calmer, or give people who are lonely some companionship.

Animal therapy can also help people with illnesses or disabilities. These dogs are being trained for people who have autism. It’s a condition that a lot of kids have and affects how people communicate and cope with changes. Some kids with autism can run off unexpectedly or get really anxious.

So, these dogs are trained to find them and keep them calm. Some studies show that spending time with animals can even improve the way our hearts work, and even make us live longer!

So, these cuddly cats could actually be helping these kids get through more than just their next exam. As for the kittens themselves, all of these guys are currently up for adoption.

And the shelter that brought them says hanging out with the students will help to get them ready for their new homes too.

Who knows, they might even find a brand new owner!

But, for now, they’re just loving their role as some of cutest study-buddies around

 

 

BtN: Brexit イギリス EU脱退

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4482957.htm

  イギリス市民は新しいリーダーを選ぶ選挙ではなく、EU ヨーロッパユニオンの残留か脱退を選択する選挙を行います。

残留派と脱退派の論争、 オーストラリア 私達にどのような影響をあたえるのでしょう?

 

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Citizens will soon head to the polls like us. It’s not to select a new leader though it’s to decide whether Britain should stay a part of the European Union. Here’s both sides of the debate and how the result might even affect us.

It’s a country known for its love of funny hats, football and cups of tea. But recently the UK has been split over a big issue: whether or not to stay in the European Union. The European Union, or EU, is a bit like a special club that’s made up of most of the countries in Europe.

You might recognise their flag, or maybe you’ve heard of their currency, the Euro. All up, there are 28 members of the EU and its goal is to bring Europe together and make things better for everyone involved.

To help make that happen, representatives from each nation come up with rules that’ll apply to everyone in the Union. They cover everything from immigration and health & safety, to how many hours you can work or how many fish you’re allowed to catch.

The UK joined an earlier version of the EU more than 40 years ago but the world has changed a lot since then. So last year the PM David Cameron promised to give everyone a chance to decide whether they still wanted to be a member or not. No member state has ever left the Union and that’s why the UK’s referendum is such a big deal.

One of the big issues in the debate is immigration. Because it’s a member of the EU, the UK doesn’t have complete control over the people that come to live and work in the UK. Some Britons say the number of immigrants is getting out of control and making Britain seem less British.

But others reckon having lots of different cultures in the UK is a good thing, because it creates a more diverse society. It’s a pretty divisive issue even among kids in the UK.

KID 1: I think immigration is good because like other people who can’t maybe afford to live in their own country can come here and live. It’s kind of bad at the same time because we’re getting kinda full over here.

KID 2: Well a lot of immigrants come to get a better quality of life, but that might have a negative impact on like people who already live here.

KID 3: We’ve lived like as British, we’ve lived here, and new people is obviously a change and some people don’t like change

KID 4: They’re coming over to help us and they’re working. So we’re kind of coming as a team and it’s making it better.

KID 5: I think immigration is good if it’s controlled.

Immigration isn’t the only thing people are arguing over. Some people on team ‘Brexit’, which stands for British Exit from the EU, say they don’t like following rules made by people who aren’t British. They say the EU forces too many rules on the UK, that aren’t in the UK’s best interests.

Meanwhile, team ‘Remain’ say Britain gets a lot of perks from being in the EU, like being able to easily move between member countries to live and work and it makes trade a lot easier. They’re worried leaving the EU will have an impact on the British economy that could then affect businesses and people all over the world, including Australia.

Some also think it could lead to other countries leaving and the European Union falling apart completely. Both sides of the Brexit debate believe their solution is best for the people of the UK, but now it’s up to the public to decide for themselves.

 

 

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BtN: ファインディング・ドリー Dory in Danger

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4478716.htm

ディズニー/ピクサーの『ファインディング・ニモ』シリーズの新作『ファインディング・ドリー』が近日上映されます。

オーストラリアの研究者達は、この映画が上映されるにあたって、実在するBlue Tang (ナンヨウハギ)の生態に関して心配しています。

第一作 『ファインディング・ニモ』が上映されたときに、多くの人がニモ(クラウンフィッシュ)をペットとして飼う方がいて、クラウンフィッシュの生態に影響をあたえました。 今回も同じような現象が起こる恐れがあります。

 

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Australian researchers are worried fans of the soon-to-be-released film Finding Dory might add to the woes of Dory’s real world species the blue tang. When the original Finding Nemo was released, the population of the clownfish suffered because too many people wanted their own Nemo as a pet. Now they fear a similar result for Dory’s relatives.

Thirteen years ago a very famous clownfish first swam across our screens on a mission to find his son Nemo. But researchers at Flinders Uni and the University of Queensland say Finding Nemo ended up causing more abductions, just like this. Even though the story is all about a fish trying to escape captivity, the movie actually inspired more people to keep clownfish as pets and that meant more were taken from the wild to keep up with the demand. Even now, conservationists say more than 1 million clownfish are taken from their homes every year. That’s why these students have a program to keep these tropical fish at their school.

STUDENT 1: Hi my name’s Taylor I’m a BG ranger, come and check out our cool environmental classroom reef-ugee.

STUDENT 2: At school we breed clownfish and every clownfish we breed and sell is one less taken off the reef.

STUDENT 3: These are some of the baby clownfish we bred last year.

STUDENT 2: This is marine green frozen food for the fish.

STUDENT 1: We also teach visitors that come to our school the importance of the Great Barrier Reef and how to care for it.

Now, there’s a sequel on the way also starring Dory, the blue tang. Those same researchers are worried that if this movie becomes as popular as the original it could mean thousands of real blue tangs end up right where Nemo did, in someone’s fish tank.

Unlike goldfish, which are mostly bred in captivity, many tropical fish species, like the blue tang, find it really hard to reproduce in captivity, or they can’t at all. So that means they’re plucked from the oceans just like Nemo.

Researchers say around 90% of the tropical fish you see in pet shops were taken from the wild and many of those collected don’t even survive the trip. When fish like Dory do survive and end up in tanks, it can still end badly.

STUDENT 3: This is the blue tang. Blue tangs are very hard to keep alive in fish tanks because they can get diseases very easily.

It’s a big reason why these guys are making such a big effort to protect tropical fish.

STUDENT 1: It is okay to have a tropical fish as long as there is a limit of fish being caught.

STUDENT 4: Well, when you’re buying the tropical fish from a pet store you have to ask how hard it is to look after, if it’s captive bred and if you can keep it in a tank.

So although these colourful characters are pretty to look at, conservationists say it’s better for fans to take home the movie’s real message and leave plenty of Nemo’s and Dory’s in their natural habitat.

 

 




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BtN: オーストラリア 女子ラグビー

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4473646.htm

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The Australian Women’s Rugby Sevens team made history recently as our first national team to win the sport’s World Series. Now, the team has shifted its focus to the upcoming Olympics where Rugby sevens will feature for the first time. Will they take home gold? Well they’re going in pretty confident.

 

 

Australia, meet your latest sporting superstars!
Ellia Green is just one member of the Pearls, Australia’s new World Series-winning Rugby Sevens’ team. But strangely, she only ended up in the sport by accident. Ellia was just giving her cousin a lift to training, when she decided to give it a crack herself.

ELLIA GREEN: I went there and thought it was really cool, because I like tackling, I’m not afraid of the contact, I’m pretty rough with my brother, I’m not afraid to hit him, a time or two, ha ha, so it wasn’t so much the contact thing, but I was nervous about it all and everything but there’s no way I would ever picture myself in my shoes today.

REPORTER: So what can we expect from Ellia Green?

ELLIA GREEN: Look, this is what you can expect from Ellia Green, you going to expect power, speed, and you’re going to expect a good time, and a laugh on the field, because I’m here for the entertainment as well.

If Ellia ever gets sick of rugby, it’s only a matter of time before her rapping career takes off too.

ELLIA GREEN: The G Train or Green machine are just a few of my names, Rugby 7s that’s my main game, I play on the wing cos i like to run fast, used to be on the track but that’s in my past. Yo.

But you might be wondering, what is Rugby Sevens? Well, it’s basically a quicker version of Rugby Union. The key stuff is the same, like only being able to throw sideways or backwards, and tries are still worth 6 points.

But regular games are a lot shorter; just 14 minutes instead of 80, and instead of it being 15 a-side, teams are just 7 a-side on the same size pitch. That means players have way more room to move, which means a lot more tries.

For example, during the 2015 Rugby Union World Cup tries were scored on average every 28 minutes. But in the Sevens season that same year, it was once every 3 minutes!

Now that Ellia and the gang are Rugby Sevens world champs there’s still one huge challenge left for them in 20-16, winning Olympic Gold. For the first time ever, Rugby Sevens will feature at the Olympic Games and the Pearls will be hoping to etch their name into the history books once again.

ELLIA GREEN: I think it’s just a lifelong dream for a lot of us. It’s been my dream since I was five years old I think, and I’ve had pictures of Olympians on my wall in my mum’s home in Melbourne, just thinking about Rio is thinking about a lifelong accomplishment.

 

 

 

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BtN: サーフィンのタイトルに挑戦

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4469225.htm

 

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Some of Australia’s best Indigenous surfers hit Bells Beach recently for the Australian Indigenous Surfing titles. Among the pros were two talented kids, 12-year old Taj and 14-year old Summer who’d been training for the big event all year. Here’s what happened.

 

Summer and Taj are two young groms hoping to make a big splash in the surfing scene. They come from a family that lives and breathes surfing and one of their favourite events is the Aussie Indigenous Surfing Titles.

SUMMER: It’s great, like, how the Indigenous community, like, comes and we all come together and we surf together and it’s all good experience and, like, it encourages, like, younger surfers, like, to come out and surf with us.

But even though surfing’s in their blood, it’s no walk in the park for Taj and Summer.
There aren’t any junior events at the titles, so Taj and Summer have to step up to the big leagues and compete with adults.

But, that didn’t seem to faze Summer last year, when she won the Open Women’s comp!

SUMMER SIMON: I was only 13 when I first won Bells and I was, like, so stoked to win it at that that stage and, yeah, it was really good. I’m just hoping there’s more girls, so then, like – maybe, like, a bit more competition and I’ll surf better and it will be more fun.

Once the comp started, Summer once again stole the show.

After some impressive runs, she came out on top in the final, making it back to back championships.

SUMMER: Well, I feel like super stoked, happy to be out there. It’s Bells Beach, you don’t get to surf out there often.

But despite the big win, Summer says she’s still got room to improve.

SUMMER: I’ve grown up surfing all my life. I was never really good. I used to not be able to stand up. But as soon as I learned to duck dive and stand up properly, I started getting better and better and I’ve still got more room for improvement. But never give up on anything otherwise you won’t make it. You’ve got to work hard and achieve your goals.

 

 

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BtN: オーストラリアの学校の運動場デザイン

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4464766.htm

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Some school kids in Sydney are about to get a serious playground upgrade. They won a competition called ‘My Park Rules’ which asked kids around the country to design their ultimate play area. Now their dreams are going to become a reality.

There’s nothing quite like an awesome playground, filled with exciting equipment and surrounded by plenty of grass, trees and shade! But not all Aussie school kids are lucky enough to have a space like this to play.

BOY: There’s nothing to play with on Singleton Oval.

GIRL: I don’t know what to do.

STUDENT: For over 40 weeks a year you can see the locals attempting to play here. The going is tough.

For many schools around Australia, this is what their yard looks like instead.

STUDENT: Running is a risky business and often the exhibition of skills is marred by the uneven surface.

The kids here at Marrickville Primary School wanted a change too so they decided to enter the My Park Rules competition.

GIRL: And we went off with our partners and said well let’s think, what could we make this place be a better place?

Around 100 schools around Australia entered the comp. It asked kids to design their ideal outdoor area and be as creative as possible. The winners would get to team up with a landscape architect to make their dream park come true!

The kids at Marrickville dressed up as contestants on a home improvement show.

BOYS: This is a boring playground, where’s the grass.

GIRL: Well don’t you worry, we’re going to put vines growing all up this wall and a big tree in this area over there. A grassy pathway all around here.

Once the videos were uploaded to the website, the public could vote on them and Marrickville, along with 7 other schools, were chosen as finalists! Then it came down to the final announcement and these kids couldn’t believe it when Marrickville was announced as the big winner!

COMPERE: The national jury has awarded Marrickville as the national winner.

BOY: It was incredible and I felt really happy.

GIRL: I thought when we won all our hard work paid off.

So with the help of an architect their school will be transformed into a playground paradise!

 

 

 

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BtN: 先住民の言語レッスン

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4460256.htm

西オーストラリア ブルームの町で現地先住民の言葉を全ての子供達に教え、バイリンガルの町になっています。

道標も英語とヤウル言語で表示されています。

 

 

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The town of Broome in Western Australia is pushing to become the first bilingual town in Australia by teaching all kids Yawuru, the local indigenous language. Even the town’s street signs are now in both Yawuru and English. We checked in with one school there to find out more. But first a warning to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers, this story contains images of people who’ve died.

 

Here at Cable Beach Primary School, these guys are learning things a bit differently.

This lesson’s being taught almost entirely in Yawuru.

STUDENT: These are some of the plant names that we’ve learnt from our Yawuru teacher.

Yawuru’s an Aboriginal language that’s been spoken by Broome’s traditional owners for tens of thousands of years.

STUDENT: We learn lots of different stuff. We learn about the seasons, the fruit, our families.

STUDENT: How to count.

STUDENT: Family, fishing, the plants.

STUDENT: My favourite subject is learning about the animals.

STUDENT: It’s just great!

Some of these guys already speak some Yawuru at home. But for others, it’s a whole new set of words and sounds and a new way of looking at the world.

STUDENT: It’s important for young people like me to learn Yawuru because it’s a dying language.

STUDENT: It makes me feel important because I’m keeping Yawuru alive.

STUDENT: I think learning about Yawuru is important because we need more younger people to learn it because the language itself is fading.

STUDENT: When we grow up we can teach the younger ones.

There are a number of schools around Australia that teach local indigenous languages, but what sets Broome apart, is that every kid in every school in town, is learning the same language.

They say it’s part of a big push to make Broome the first bilingual town in Australia, meaning everybody will be able to speak two languages.

It hasn’t always been this way for the Yawuru language. Dianne grew up in Broome back in the 60s, when things were very different for the indigenous population. She says they weren’t treated very well and for a long time her family wasn’t even allowed to speak Yawuru words in public.

DIANNE APPLEBY, YAWURU CULTURAL OFFICER: When you think about the history, Aboriginal people were never allowed to speak their language. That’s another discussion you know, things that have happened had a negative impact on our culture with all those acts and policies.

Fast forward to 2006 and the language was close to being lost forever. So, Dianne and a bunch of elders got together to save it. They helped to set up the Yawuru cultural centre, and now the language is coming back in a big way. You can see it everywhere. It’s in the parks and on street signs and with 1000 kids now learning the language too, Yawuru culture will stick around for many years to come.

STUDENTS: Gala warrji! Galiya!

 

 

BtN: コアラ 探知 Koala Tracker

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4455912.htm

オーストラリアで一番有名な動物 コアラ。
絶滅危惧種をもっと良く保護するために、自然にどれだけまだ生存しているのか調べるのに、科学者たちは膨大な調査をしなければいけない。
しかしある動物 例えばコアラ等は木の上に生きているので、調査するのはとても難しいです。
そこで1つの調査グループが面白い方法でコアラの調査方法を行っています。
方法はコアラ調査犬です。
どのように探しだすのでしょう?

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To better protect endangered species, scientists often have to do massive surveys to work out how many there are in the wild. But some animals can be pretty tough to track down like, say koalas that live up in treetops. So one group of researchers has come up with a pretty interesting way of tracking them down – koala tracking dogs. Just wait till you hear how they sniff them out though.

CARL SMITH, REPORTER: This is Maya, and she’s on the hunt. But she’s not hunting an animal; she’s hunting its poo.

DR ROMANE CRISTESCU: Maya’s job is to help us humans do a better job finding koala poo.

Yep, Maya is a koala poo hunter. Disgusting. So how come Maya’s trained to find koala droppings? Well it’s to help her handlers find the koalas that dropped them there. Because koalas aren’t always that easy to find, hiding all the way up in their trees.

DR CELINE FRERE: The great thing with dogs is they can smell what we can’t see. Koala poo smells very much of eucalyptus, and so they can help us locate scats very easily.

DR ROMANE CRISTESCU: Where is it? Where is it? Do you see? She just pointed at it with her nose and then she dropped. You’re such a good girl, Maya. Well done.

And a smart nose like this one can even track down koalas that have moved around a bit!

DR ROMANE CRISTESCU: The poo stay in the environment for many months, sometimes years, which mean that if you arrive in a site and there’s no koala, you may find the evidence on the ground, and that tells you that’s koala habitat.

In many parts of Australia koala numbers are declining because of dog attacks, road strikes and vanishing habitat. So researchers like these guys are trying to figure out which are the most important areas to keep protected.

DR ROMANE CRISTESCU: You can see how small they are and they’re so easily obscured in the litter, so for a human to see that is really hard. Maya, Maya!
Although a canine researcher might sound like a strange idea, dogs like Maya are really suited to the job!

DR CELINE FRERE: You need a lot of stamina because you have to cover a lot of ground and look under each tree for scats. For Maya that’s not a problem. She’s playing and she has high stamina, so she’s 20 times faster at finding the scats. But most importantly for conservation, she’s 150% more accurate. So that means she’s finding scats where humans are not and for habitat protection, this is critical.

But even the best poo detectors need to keep their skills up with a bit of training!

DR CELINE FRERE: So it’s very simple ’cause we don’t want to take her in the bush and for her to start indicating on possum poo or eastern grey poo. We want to make sure that Maya knows what koala poo is and exclude any other marsupial poo.

And what does Maya get out of it? Well, first up she was actually rescued and given a home when she got the job!

DR ROMANE CRISTESCU: It was a win-win for her. She got a second family, and for us, we pretty much got the best detection dog we could wish for.

And on top of that, for this pup tracking and playing fetch rarely feels like work.

DR ROMANE CRISTESCU: If you think about it, dogs don’t go to work for a salary, they go to work because for them it’s play.

 

 

 

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BtN: シェイクスピア Shakespeare

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4452869.htm

世界で最も有名な劇作家 ウイリアム シェイクスピアが亡くなってから400年になります。

彼の劇、物語は、彼が何千もの言葉やフレーズを作りだしたように、今日でもまだ本当に重要です。

天才 シェイクスピアはどんな人生だったのでしょうか? 

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It’s been four hundred years since the death of the world’s most famous playwright, William Shakespeare. His plays and stories are still really important today as are the thousands of the words and phrases he invented too. But what was this genius’ life really like? We find out from the man himself!

 

WILL: Hi, I’m Will.

KID: Hi Will.

WILL: But people usually call me William.

INTERVIEWER: Can you tell us your full name?

WILL: William Shakespeare. Playwright.

INTERVIEWER: Can you spell that?

WILL: It’s like shake, and spear, with an e at the end.

WILL: Do you want my autograph?

KID: What?

WILL: My autograph. I’m the guy that came up with this.

KID: The Lion King? You didn’t make that.

WILL: People tell me all the time “You’re the greatest writer in the English language.” And I’m like: “Yeah. I am.”

WILL: Nah, but it’s based on Hamlet. You know where that guy talks to a skull. That was me!

I was born in England in 1564. But no-one knows exactly when, so birthdays were difficult. “No cake for Will this year”. That happened every year.

My dad was a glove maker. One thing we always had growing up were gloves. I had a family and then, for a few years, as far as people knew, I just disappeared.

INTERVIEWER: What were you doing?

WILL: Nothing much. Anyway, eventually I moved to London and started acting. And then I started writing. In the next twenty five years, I wrote thirty seven plays, like Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth, and loads of poetry.

WILL: Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

I came up with seventeen hundred new words. Not bad, hey.

WILL: Okay, forget Hamlet. There are countless words of mine I bet you use all the time. Like countless.

KID: I don’t think I’ve ever said “countless”.

WILL: That’s laughable. Hey that’s one of mine as well. There’s buzz, puking, assassin. All mine!

KID: Right.
INTERVIEWER: What kinds of things did you write about?

WILL: Well, people tend to put my plays into categories. There are the comedies. People always get married in those. There are the tragedies.

WILL: I love this bit. O Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo? Spoilers! They die at the end.

WILL: And there are the histories. They’re about history.

Many of those plays are still popular, but I wrote them at a time when people said things like:

WILL: Thou poisonous bunch-back’d toad. Thou loggerheaded maggot-pie!

So I suppose the language might take some getting used to. Yeah, that’s probably why I’ve inspired so many people to retell my stories.

WILL: Anyway, even though I’ve been technically dead for four hundred years now, you’ll still see signs of me everywhere. Movies, TV shows, and the words you use every day.

WILL: Moonbeam, eyesore, wild goose chase, break the ice. All me!

KID: For goodness’ sake!

WILL: Ah that’s one of my as well.

WILL: It’s a pretty good feeling, to be honest. Yeah.

 

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BtN: イギリス 子供のゲーム、ネット時間調査

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4433923.htm

子供が電子機器を無くして生活できるかどうか挑戦する企画。 調査では多くの子供が、一日に約6時間画面の前にいるとのこと。

しかし、もしその電子機器がなくなったら子供たちはどうなるのでしょう?イギリスの番組で実験した企画です。

** イギリスの番組なのでリポーターの方の英語は非常にEnglishです。

 

同じ年頃の子供を持つ親として、悩ましい問題ですが、現在の電子機器は子供が言っているようにAddictive と思いますね。

 

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Technology Challenge

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